Indeed, IP attorneys have always appreciated the role that quality plays in patent applications. For one thing, strong applications can lead to more defensible patents. The legal standards of utility, novelty, non-obviousness and written description are and should be the fundamental determinants of a patent grant, and only those applications that meet the criteria should be allowed. But we know that things haven’t quite followed that carefully scripted logic. A renewed emphasis on patent quality acknowledges several factors that have contributed to the rise and influence of trolls and the current state of the patent system in general.